Khoya, also known as mawa, is a popular dairy product used in Indian cuisine. It is made by reducing milk on low heat until all the water content evaporates, leaving behind a solid, creamy, and thick substance. Khoya is an essential ingredient in many Indian desserts and sweets, including gulab jamun, barfi, peda, and rasgulla. It is also used in savory dishes like koftas and curries.
Khoya is believed to have originated in the Indian subcontinent several centuries ago. It was traditionally made by simmering milk for several hours until it reduced to a solid mass. However, with the advent of modern technology, the process of making khoya has become much faster and more efficient. Today, khoya is made by heating milk in large vessels and stirring it continuously until it thickens and solidifies.
There are several types of khoya, each with a different texture, taste, and moisture content. The most common types of khoya are batti, dhap, pindi, and daanedar. Batti khoya is made by heating milk until it reduces to a crumbly texture. Dhap khoya is made by heating milk until it forms a soft, sticky mass. Pindi khoya is made by heating milk until it becomes grainy, and daanedar khoya is made by heating milk until it forms small, round granules.
Khoya is a rich source of nutrients, including protein, calcium, and vitamins. It is also high in fat and calories, which makes it a popular ingredient in traditional Indian sweets and desserts. However, due to its high calorie and fat content, it should be consumed in moderation.
In addition to its culinary uses, khoya also has several medicinal properties. It is believed to improve digestion, boost energy levels, and strengthen the immune system. It is also used in Ayurvedic medicine to treat a range of ailments, including coughs, colds, and respiratory problems.
Preparation Time: 11/2 hours, plus cooking time
Makes: about 400 gram
Ingredient: 2 liters whole milk
Method: Put the milk in a kadhai, work or deep, heavy-based pan and bring to the boil. Reduce the heat to low and cook, stirring after every 5 minutes until the milk is reduced by half . Stirring constantly and continually scrapping in the dried layer of milk that sticks to the side of pan ,continue to cook until reduced to a mashed potato consistency . Transfer to the bowl and allow to cool. When cool this paste can be stored in the refrigerator for up to 2 days . It can also be dried and stored as a solid: spoon the paste into a clean piece of muslin, then place in the sink , weight down with something heavy and leave to drain for about 1 hour. The resulting solid should be stored in the refrigerator, and can be grated or crumbled as required.
The hardest khoya is the one that is often supplied in moulded shape. It’s typically used to make burfies and laddus and is created from full-fat milk.
It is loose and sticky in consistency with a greater moisture content and is made from low-fat milk. Good for preparing halwas, rabri, and gulab jamuns.
This variety of khoya is granulated and has a consistency in between the first two. When milk is evaporated, it is somewhat curdled, which creates the granules. This form of khoya was used to make Kalakand and several varieties of laddus.
Benefits of Eating Khoya
Due to its high calcium content, khoya, like all dairy products, is excellent for promoting bone and tooth health.
Because it contains riboflavin, khoya is a crucial source of vitamin B. As a result, it benefits energy generation, a strong immune system, and the preservation of healthy skin and hair.
Additionally, it is a strong source of vitamin D, which supports calcium metabolism, and vitamin K, which promotes healthy blood clotting and guards against heart attacks, high blood pressure, and type 2 diabetes.
Here are some tips for making khoya at home:
- Use full-fat milk: For making khoya, it is best to use full-fat milk as it has a higher fat content and will yield a richer and creamier khoya.
- Use a heavy-bottomed pan: Khoya requires constant stirring and simmering for a long time, so it is best to use a heavy-bottomed pan to prevent the milk from sticking to the bottom and burning.
- Stir continuously: Stirring is the most important part of making khoya as it prevents the milk from sticking to the bottom and burning. Stir the milk continuously on medium-low heat to ensure even cooking and to avoid lumps.
- Simmer on low heat: Khoya requires slow and gentle cooking, so it is important to simmer it on low heat. This will prevent the milk from boiling over and will allow it to thicken and reduce slowly.
- Be patient: Making khoya is a slow process and requires patience. It can take up to 2-3 hours for the milk to reduce and thicken, so don’t rush the process by increasing the heat or stirring too vigorously.
- Use a slotted spoon: As the milk thickens, it will start to stick to the sides of the pan. Use a slotted spoon to scrape the khoya from the sides of the pan and mix it back into the milk.
- Add sugar or flavorings: If you want to make sweet khoya, add sugar once the milk has reduced by half. You can also add cardamom powder or saffron for flavor.
- Store it properly: Once the khoya is ready, let it cool down completely before storing it in an airtight container in the fridge. Khoya can be stored for up to a week in the fridge or for up to a month in the freezer.
By following these tips, you can make delicious and creamy khoya at home.
Nutritional value of Khoya
Here is the approximate nutritional value of 100 grams of khoya:
Protein: 14.3 grams
Fat: 27.6 grams
Carbohydrates: 29.3 grams
Fiber: 0 grams
Sugar: 29.3 grams
Calcium: 471 milligrams
Iron: 0.7 milligrams
Potassium: 524 milligrams
Here are some frequently asked questions and answers related to making khoya at home:
Q: What is khoya, and how is it made? A: Khoya is a dairy product commonly used in Indian and Pakistani cuisine. It is made by simmering and reducing milk to a solid state. The milk is heated and stirred continuously for a long time until it thickens and turns into a dough-like consistency.
Q: Can I use low-fat milk to make khoya? A: It is best to use full-fat milk to make khoya, as it has a higher fat content and yields a richer and creamier khoya. Using low-fat milk may result in a less creamy and less flavorful khoya.
Q: How long does it take to make khoya? A: Making khoya can take up to 2-3 hours, depending on the quantity of milk and the heat level. It requires slow and gentle cooking and constant stirring, so it is important to be patient.
Q: Can I add sugar or other flavorings to the khoya? A: Yes, you can add sugar, cardamom powder, saffron, or other flavorings to the khoya once it has reduced by half. This will give the khoya a sweet and aromatic flavor.
Q: How should I store khoya, and how long does it last? A: Once the khoya has cooled down completely, store it in an airtight container in the fridge. Khoya can be stored for up to a week in the fridge or for up to a month in the freezer.
Q: Can I make khoya without stirring it continuously? A: Stirring is an essential part of making khoya as it prevents the milk from sticking to the bottom and burning. Skipping the stirring process may result in burnt or unevenly cooked khoya.
Q: Is khoya high in calories? A: Yes, khoya is high in calories, as it is made from milk that has been reduced to a solid state. It is also high in fat and sugar, so it should be consumed in moderation.